Rainbow Crab – Detailed Guide: Care, Diet, and Breeding

The Rainbow Crab (Cardisoma Armatum)

Cardisoma armatum are more commonly known as Rainbow Crabs, Patriot Crabs, Tricolor Crabs, Moon Crabs or Soapdish Crabs. Rainbow Crabs are a popular group of semi-terrestrial crabs. They are hardy and easy to care for, making them a great choice for beginner aquarists.

In this guide below, I cover everything you need to know when caring for Rainbow Crabs, including ideal tank setups, healthy diets, breeding, compatibility with other species, etc.

Before I start, I would like to repeat again that Cardisoma armatum is not a fully freshwater species. Adult Rainbow crabs are semi-terrestrial (land) crabs. They need water only to moist surface to refresh their gills.

Quick Notes about the Rainbow Crabs

Name Rainbow Crabs
Other Names
African rainbow crab, Rainbow crab, Indigo crab, Land crab, Moon Crab, Patriot crab, Tricolor crab, Harlequin crab, Halloween Land Crab and Soapdish crab
Scientific Name Cardisoma armatum
Type Semi-terrestrial crabs
Tank size (minimal) 20 gallons (~90 liters)
Keeping Easy-Medium
Breeding Very Difficult 
Size of the carapace
7 – 12 cm (3 – 4 inches)
Optimal Temperature 24 – 29°C  (~75°F – 85°F)
Aquarium type Paludarium (aquarium that has both terrestrial and aquatic elements (freshwater)
Optimal PH 7.0 – 7.5
Optimal KH 2 – 10
Optimal GH
12 – 22
75% and higher
Nitrate Less than 20 ppm
Diet Omnivorous 
Temperament Aggressive
Life span up to 8 years
Color Form Purple-blue carapace and orange-red legs

Origins, Natural Habitat of the Rainbow Crabs

Rainbow Crabs are land crabs that originate from the West Coast of Africa. They can be found along the coastal regions in the river deltas and other brackish areas, building homes near sources of fresh or seawater.

Their homes are burrows of sand that grow deeper and more complex as they age. Though in nature they can build deep colonies of tunnels, in captivity male Rainbow Crabs grow territorial in the presence of other male crabs.

Description of the Rainbow Crabs

The Rainbow Crab (Cardisoma Armatum) - 13 year old crab
Thea Louise Brincat kindly provided a photo of her 13-year-old rainbow crab, along with its previous exoskeleton for comparison

Young and newly molted Rainbow Crabs are often very colorful with a purple-blue carapace and orange-red legs and tips of chelae. With age and approach to molt, carapace turns dirty yellow with occasionally slight reddish spots dorsally.

When they are young or when they have freshly molted their colors will be more vivid. As they age their colors will become lighter and more washed out.

Rainbow Crabs can grow pretty big in aquariums. Naturally, they reach 15 cm (6 inches) long, but they are likely to be nearer 7 – 12 (3 – 4 inches) when kept at home. The total weight can range between 96 – 290 g. Therefore, it will be better to give them extra space in your tank in case they grow a little larger than expected.

On average, Rainbow crabs have a lifespan of about 5 – 8 years, although there are also true long-livers among them that can live more than 10 years.

Note: Do not confuse with Halloween Moon Crab or Black land crab.

The Behavior of the Rainbow Crabs

Like most crab species, Rainbow Crabs are natural loners. They often become more aggressive as they age. They are not social and do not need to be kept in groups. In fact, they will guaranteed fight fellow members of their own species.

Rainbow Crabs are natural diggers and construct deep burrows. They need it to maintain an optimal moisture level. Although these crabs appear to be terrestrial, they actually have modified gills. They require water/high moisture to breathe.

In the wild, Rainbow Crabs have an active phase on the land surface at night and an apparent resting phase in burrows in the daytime. However, they are not very timid and usually become used to its owners. In addition, with time, they can adapt their behavior to a feeding schedule.

Warning: Rainbow Crab has very strong and sharp claws and can even cut skin. Handle it with care, use gloves or tweezers.

Rainbow Crabs Molting

Molting the Rainbow Crab (Cardisoma Armatum)Molting is essential and is a decisive phase in the growth, in weight, and especially in crab size.

The increase in size is achieved by successive molts during which Rainbow Crabs rejects its shell and all calcified parts.

During molting, Rainbow Crabs absorb a lot of water until their carapace opens up in a breaking point. After that, they use this opening to wriggle out of its old shell. If molting goes well, it usually takes from 5 – 30 minutes.

It looks similar to a dead crab but is hollow if you look real close. Do not remove the old shell. It contains a lot of calcium and other microelements, so they will eat it when they are finished. This is nourishment to your crab.

Rainbow Crabs need to be left alone during this very vulnerable time and they should not be disturbed during the entire molting process.

Note: Rainbow crabs need calcium to mineralize (harden) the shell.  Calcium is vital for good shell growth. I highly recommend reading my article “How to Supplement Shrimp and Snails with Calcium”.

Depending on the age, Rainbow crabs molt from every few weeks to several months. Before that, they will stop eating their food (sometimes for weeks) before molting and become more sluggish when moving around.

Tip: Some experienced aquarists do not recommend feeding them after molting until they consume their old shell and restore the proper calcium balance. After all, this is what they do in nature.

For more information, read my article “Crabs and Molting Process”.

Are Rainbow Crabs Plant Safe?

No, Rainbow crabs are not plant safe. They will eat, cut, and uproot everything that is possible in your tank.

Identifying and Sexing Rainbow Crabs

Sexing the Rainbow Crab (Cardisoma Armatum)Males have bright blue backs, red legs, and white claws. Their underbelly apron will be shaped like an upside-down T. Females typically have pale blue to grey backs, pale orange legs, and white claws. Their underbelly apron will be shaped somewhat like a bell.

The males are more colorful compared to females.

In addition, the effect of gender reveals a significant difference in the width of the shell and the diameter of the left clamp, showing the superiority of the male to the female.

Related article:

Feeding Rainbow Crabs

Rainbow Crabs are extremely opportunistic eaters and sometimes cannibalistic. They are omnivores who are also scavengers. They will appreciate a varied diet of fruits, berries, flowers, leaves, vegetables, pellets for fish, shrimp, turtles, or crabs, frozen krill, shrimp, bloodworms, and insects.

This means, however, that creatures smaller than the crabs can become prey. They are opportunistic predators who will attack smaller animals or consume the carrion of those that die in the tank.

If live plants are kept in their tank, they may eat these as well.

Rainbow Crabs are very adaptable when it comes to feeding. For example, according to observations, Rainbow Crabs showed leaf preference because of the flora associated with their habitat. They showed a high level of omnivorous feeding habit, as shown in the stomach content analysis indicated that they both feed on plant materials, crustaceans, fish fragments (bone and scales), sand grains, and unidentified items. The wide opportunistic feeding pattern of Cardiosoma armatum was due to their accidental predatorship. A large amount of sand grains discovered was attributed to the burrowing nature of the crabs and inherent soil habitat.

Rules of Diet in Captivity for Rainbow Crabs

  • Leaves and vegetables should be their primal food. Oak leaves, Indian Almond leaves, Walnut leaves, etc. should be always available in the tank.
  • Frequency: feed them once a day. Remove any leftovers. Keep in mind that Rainbow crabs can drag and store food in their burrows (hiding places). Check them from time to time to prevent any bacterial contaminations.
  • Give them a protein-rich food only once a week. For example, a piece of boiled shrimp or bloodworm, chicken, liver, fish, etc.
  • To improve their coloration, provide them with Hikari products (for example, Hikari Tropical Crab Cuisine (links to check the price on Amazon)). One of the main components of their food is astaxanthin. Balanced formulation offers necessary nutrients that promote proper shell development as well.
  • One of the most important things is that Rainbow crabs need diversity in food.
  • Do not be afraid to give them fasting days to clean their digestion.

You can read some of my related articles:

Indian almond leaves and Alder Cones.
How to Blanch Сucumbers and Zucchini for Shrimp.
How to Enhance Shrimp Color?
What Do Crabs Eat and How to Feed Them?

Keeping and Housing Rainbow Crabs

Once I started reading about Cardisoma armatum species, I found so much bullsh… conflicting information on the internet! Especially about keeping them. Eventually, I had to refer to rather sparse scientific articles about this species just to be sure.

Some aquarists believe that if they can keep Rainbow crabs in a freshwater tank with a piece of rock or driftwood that they can use to get out of the water. In fact, this is vice versa. Rainbow Crabs need an aquarium that has both terrestrial and aquatic elements (Paludarium).

  • Land vs Water Ratio

Rainbow crabs, in scientific literature, are usually referred to as “Land crabs”. Some of them have been found several kilometers away from the coast. They show significant behavioral, morphological, physiological, and/or biochemical adaptations permitting extended activities out of the water.

In a tank setting, Rainbow Crabs should be provided with freshwater or brackish water (around 5 – 10%), there is no difference, and they do just fine in both. Their environment should be 10 – 30 % water so that the crabs can keep their gills wet and molt properly.

Tip: This water should be free from chlorine and other harmful chemicals that are often found in residential tap water.

  • Water Bowl and Water Type

Instead of creating a complex tank setup, you can use a big water bowl. The only rule here is that it should be big and deep enough to let your crab get into the bowl and completely submerge in them.

In this case, the water change will be very easy and simple. Additionally, you will not have to use any filters to maintain cleanliness and prevent toxicity!

If you decide to keep Rainbow crabs in brackish water, do not ever use simple aquarium salt, or table salt! To prepare saltwater, I would recommend using Instant ocean marine salt (check the price on Amazon). This is a great choice. It is pretty cheap and will last very long.

Regarding freshwater, you will need something like bottled spring water. Tap water will be the last choice. Use Seachem Prime to remove chlorine, chloramine. This water conditioner will also bind to heavy metals, any ammonia, nitrites, or nitrates present for up to 48 hours. Consider Prime as your additional safety net.

  • Substrate

The rest of the tank should be filled with a combination of moist sand or mud into which they can burrow. A substrate of pebbles, river rocks, or other material that the crab can use to climb into and out of the water.

Substrate should always be kept moist enough for a Rainbow crab to be able to dig underground and form a cave. It needs to damp enough that it holds its shape when you squeeze, but not so wet that it drips or pools water (“sandcastle consistency”).

A mixture of cocofiber and sand will be the best option for Rainbow crab care. Although they can be used by themselves. Place at least 5 cm (2 inches), ideally 7 – 12 cm (3 – 5 inches) of the substrate in your enclosure with stones, cork bark, and other items as hides.

Tip: You can test the consistency of the substrate with a pencil. Stick it all the way down and pull back up. If the tunnel does not collapse, your substrate is fine.

The substrate may also require maintenance such as spraying with fresh dechlorinated water on a regular basis in order to keep it moist enough since the moisture in it will evaporate over time.

Important: Do not ever use saltwater to maintain moisture as salt does not evaporate and can lead to a harmful salt build-up.

Large rocks can also be beneficial for the crabs to rest on when in need of a dry area. Rainbow Crabs, much like other pets, will need places to hide when they are frightened (or where they can safely molt). Therefore, providing caves or shadowy areas is good for their well-being.

  • Humidity

A lot of people completely forget about the humidity. However, adequate humidity in the tank is vitally important to Rainbow crabs. These crabs “breathe” via gills, the proper exchange of oxygen by the crabs depends on the humidity in the air.

Therefore, if the tank air is too dry, the crabs will essentially suffocate. They need a relative humidity of around 80 percent.

Aquarists also noticed that their Rainbow crabs do not dig as much when their gills are moistured.

Note: High level of humidity is not desirable either as it will cause condensation as well as encouraging the growth of bacteria and fungus in the tank.

Interesting fact: Cardisoma armatum can tolerate a maximum loss of body water of 20%, which developed in 3-4 days without water, and resulted in a 25-30% increase in hemolymph osmolality. However, within 24 hours of rehydration, they will return to the original levels of hemolymph and osmolality.

  • Tank Size

People who wish to keep and raise Rainbow Crabs should plan on keeping them in a water-tight aquarium of at least 20 gallons (90 liters) per crab. As adults, one male and one female may be kept together in the same aquarium of 40 gallons (180 liters) or more, but two adult males would need far more space to prevent territorial fighting.

Also important in setting up their tank is ensuring that none of the elements placed in the tank reach high enough for the crabs to crawl out. Rainbow Crabs are excellent climbers and given the opportunity, they will escape their tank and explore more of their surroundings. If the tank is short, or the elements inside are too tall, it is important to tightly fasten a lid to the tank to prevent the crabs from escaping and becoming injured.

  • Temperature

As Rainbow Crabs are natives of temperate regions they prefer a warm habitat. A tank kept between 23 – 29 C (75 – 85 F) would be within the correct range. However, heaters and any other electronic elements should be carefully hidden or placed out of reach, so that the crabs cannot interfere with them while they are exploring their environment.

Important: Keep in mind that Rainbow Crabs have very strong claws and can even damage the metal cords! Hide everything or they can short circuit across the contacts.

Important: Before putting them in your tank do not forget to acclimate them (read more about it). 

Basic Tank Equipment (links to check the price on Amazon)

Mating Rainbow Crabs

Though Rainbow Crabs can be kept in male and female pairs in the same tank it would range from extremely difficult to nearly impossible to breed them in captivity.

In the wild, Rainbow Crabs mate on land based on lunar cycles and tides. They reach sexual maturity in approximately 3 – 4 years. In this species, the minimum sizes at first sexual maturity in males and females is 5.5 and 6 cm, respectively.

Courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues). The male Rainbow Crab will approach the female Rainbow Crab with his claws held high. If she is not ready to mate, she will strike at him with her own claws.

However, if the female crab is prepared for mating, she will keep her claws lowered and allow the male crab to approach. The two crabs will then engage in an hour to an hour and half of preparatory behavior. During this time the female Rainbow Crab will seem docile and still, while the male Rainbow Crab will stroke the female crab with his legs and claws.

Breeding Rainbow Crabs

The appearance of the eggs would be preceded by molting.  After mating, the female Rainbow Crab carries fertilized eggs beneath her body for 2 – 3 weeks. Fertilized eggs shape a cluster whose color changes from orange to yellow, to gray, and finally to black. After that, she will make her way to the coast and release them into shallow inshore waters.

In the wild, a female may produce 300,000 – 4,800,000 eggs per spawn, but very few larvae (Zoea) survive to become small crabs. The larvae are eaten by fish and other ocean life. The ones that survive and develop into crabs must make their way back to land, or they will drown.

Rainbow Crab Larvae Stages

Although Rainbow Crabs can tolerate brackish water and even freshwater, their larvae require salinity for successful development to metamorphosis.

The complete larval development consists of 6 stages followed by a megalopa (final stage, where larvae metamorphose into tiny crabs). Depending on the temperature, salinity, and feeding, it takes 40 – 50 days from hatching to metamorphosis.

The size of the larvae after each stage:

1st Zoea – 0.85 mm
2nd Zoea – 1.21 mm
3d Zoea – 1.61 mm
4th Zoea – 1.90 mm
5th Zoea – 2.11 mm
6th Zoea – 2.41 mm
Megalopa – 1.54 mm. Unlike larvae, the carapace of megalopa becomes broader.

After a period in the plankton, baby Rainbow Crabs return to the mainland as megalops or first crab stages where they live in burrows several feet deep at least to a level that will allow water to seep in for moisture.

Larvae Rainbow Crab Rearing Setup and Salinity

Interestingly, the larvae appear to prefer moderately brackish conditions rather than full-strength seawater, which suggests adaptation to some larval retention within the lower estuarine parts of coastal mangrove swamps adjacent to the habitats of the adults.

Scientists have found that Rainbow Crab larvae can survive in water with salinity between 15 – 35 % percent. A refugium tank created specifically for this purpose could potentially host Rainbow Crab spawn, but it would need to be well-stocked with microflora and fauna.

Diet: enriched Artemia sp. (about 10 freshly hatched nauplii/mL).
Water change: daily.
Aeration: gentle.
Decorations: absent.
Light: 12:12 hours (Light : Dark cycle)
Temperature: 25 – 25 C
Salinity: 15 – 25 %

Additionally, it would need to be adapted continually to the changing needs of the growing crabs. For example, once larvae reach stage 4, the salinity level should not be higher than 20%.

At this stage, an essential addition would be sand, rocks, or other items that reached above the water’s surface. This would ensure that the crabs could crawl to safety once they reach maturity. Of course, a lid would also be necessary in order to prevent the crabs from escaping and potentially becoming injured.

Rainbow Crabs and Suitable Tankmates

As Rainbow Crabs can be predatory, ideally they would be placed in a tank alone or with one other Rainbow Crab of another sex. While they can coexist with fish, there is always a risk of predatory behavior.

Invertebrates like shrimp and snails are best avoided as they might get attacked.


Cardisoma armatum is a simple species to care for. Beginners will be able to keep a single Rainbow Crab with few problems since they are hardy and undemanding.

However, the biggest concern is their aggression, as they may attack other crabs, fish, snails, and shrimp.

Related articles:


  1. Isa Olalekan E, Lawal-Are AO (2015) Biodiversity of a Mangrove Swamp Ecosystem: Size Composition and Growth Pattern of Land Crabs as an Ecological Indicator. Poult Fish Wildl Sci 3: 139. doi:10.4172/2375-446X.1000139.
  2. Diversity, biology and exploitation of brackish water crabs in West Africa: A review. Article in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 12(5):2355. January 2019. DOI: 4314/ijbcs.v12i5.34.
  3. Breeding of the land crab Cardiosoma armatum (Herklots 1851) in enclosure in Benin. December 2015. DOI: 10.4314/jab.v96i1.7.
  4. Larval morphology and salinity tolerance of a land crab from West Africa, Cardisoma armatum (Brachyura: Grapsoidea: Gecarcinidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 25 (4), pp. 640-654. hdl:10013/epic.24145.
  5. Oyebisi R, Lawal-Are AO, Alo B (2013) Comparative Study of Persistent Toxic Metal Levels in Land Crab (Cardiosoma armatum) and Lagoon Crab (Callinectes amnicola) in Lagos Lagoon. J Mar Biol Oceanogr 2:1. doi:10.4172/2324-8661.1000104.
  6. Hemolymph Oxygen Transport, Acid-Base Status, and Hydromineral Regulation During Dehydration in Three Terrestrial Crabs, Cardisoma, Birgus, and Coenobita. Biology. Published 1981. DOI:1002/jez.1402180107.
  7. Goussanou et al., J. Appl. Biosci. 2017 Morphological, structural characteristics and growth relationship of crabs Callinectes amnicola and Cardisoma armatum in the Nokoué lake Porto-Novo lagoon in South Benin.
  8. Sizes at first sexual maturity and capture and demographic parameters of crabs Callinectes amnicola and Cardisoma armatum in the complex Nokoué Lake Porto-Novo lagoon in South Benin. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2018; 6(1): 195-201.
  9. Some ecological aspects of the gecarcinid land crab, Cardisoma armatum Herklots, 1851 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Gecarcinidae) from the estuarine region of the Comoe River, Côte d’Ivoi. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. September 2016. DOI: 10.4314/ijbcs.v10i2.1.
  10. A synopsis of the burrowing land crabs of the world and list of their arthropod symbionts and burrow associates. Contributions in science. 1972. Volume 220. Pages 1—58.

23 thoughts on “Rainbow Crab – Detailed Guide: Care, Diet, and Breeding

  1. You say that two adult males will fight. What about adult females? Is it safe to cohab them?

    1. Hi C Murdock,
      Not exactly. Females are less aggressive than males but they are still aggressive.
      You will need a really big tank to reduce the escalations (you cannot completely prevent fighting with Rainbow crabs).
      Best regards,

    2. No, never. They are too aggressive for their partners to molt, and they will get easily killed if they dare to molt. Please believe me that two 5L plastic shoe boxes is much better than a 80L tank.

      1. Hi Deiken,
        I completely agree with you.
        Best regards,

  2. Thank you for the wonderful article.
    I am Japanese. I read English often, but I’m not good at writing.
    I recently started keeping a rainbow club and had a hard time gathering information.
    May I translate this article into Japanese and publish it on my personal blog?
    There is almost no information about Rainbow Clubs in Japanese.
    I often see people who set up an environment completely different from this article and die in a few months.
    Of course, I’ll attach a link to the original and will note in my article that the translation may be wrong.

    1. Hi Xavo,
      Sure, feel free to do that. Just leave the link 🙂
      Best regards,

    2. Hello Michael,

      What a great article! Super happy to find some more info on this crab.
      A friend of mine has a rainbow crab and he is around 11 years old, I think, even a bit older. His size is about 20cm (including legs). Because we couldn’t find accurate info on this species we are surprised to find that 90L min. is recommended. We also noticed he catches flies. My friend started out with small aquarium and soon had to place him in a separate tank due to his size and predatory habits. His current tank is 192L and we think this is on the small side for him. I think, if taken care properly, this crab species can become very large and old. We are curious if there are any other documentations on this crab species concerning age and size… because this crab has outlived all expectations. The soil he lives in is sand, no special heating inside the tank, only lighting. He gets a very diverse diet. And we found out that he makes sounds, as if two marbles are rubbing against each other. Have encountered this as well with your crabs?

      Curious to hear thoughts about this:)

      Kind regards,

      1. Hi Eleanore,
        This is very interesting. Thank you!
        Your Rainbow crab is a true giant and long-liver. Of course, in your case, it will require way more than a 90-liter tank.
        11 years! This is something. I have never heard that anybody could keep them for so long.
        I believe that their exoskeleton ‘makes’ some noise when they do some movements. However, I did not pay too much attention to this. Maybe because the crabs were not that big.
        Regarding documentation. Well, I have done my best to find all the useful information about Rainbow crabs. So far I have not found anything else to update the article.
        However, I always check for more information.

        Best regards,

  3. Hi,

    Finally an in depth guide to keeping a rainbow crab! Luckily mine haa the perfect set-up excluding I struggle to keep the temperature above 20 degrees C with 2 heat mats! I have to keep my heating on in the house for him to be at a comfortable temperature. He spends his time only ever in his burrow so I can never see him… Do you reckon this is because he’s cold?

    1. Hi James,

      Yes, I believe so. Rainbow crabs prefer warm temperature. Therefore, they are searching for the warmest places in your tank, which is underground (because of your heat mats).
      Maybe you need to try a heat lamp?

      Best regards,

  4. I am struggling to keep up the humidity levels for my crab. Would moss/ a sponge be good for her or would she just destroy it. I have cocunut soil bedding and I mist glass terrarium about twice a day, or whenever I see the percentage low. The natural humidity seems to rest at about 65% and I do not know how to get it further up.

    1. Hi Darian,

      There is a high chance that they do destroy it.
      Do you have a lid?
      How old is your soil? When it is old it does not absorb water as it should, therefore, it also affects the humidity.
      Use a bigger water dish.

      Best regards,

  5. Hi Mike ,

    I am new to keeping Patriot Crabs , and have had mine for only five days now. He spends all day in his burrow and last night didn’t even come up to eat . I am using a blue light at night at the moment because I want to try and get him on a day time schedule as he becomes more relaxed with my being here . I live in Florida so with the air on the condo stays at 76 ‘ all the time . Do you have any ideas for me to try

    1. Hi Joe Kuczma,
      First of all congratulations! They are super cool!
      Give it more time, after all, they are nocturnal and prefer to hide a lot
      Best regards,

  6. Hi Michael,

    I was hoping you could elaborate on the food a bit more, precisely what kind of fruits and vegetables. I’ve actually had my crab for the past 6 years and I didn’t realise they needed more diversity in their diet, and so I had been feeding mine mainly a protein diet (shrimp, mussel, etc.). I only recently came upon an article that mentioned fruits and I offered my guy half an apple, he went crazy over it!! But I can’t find any articles that mention exactly what other fruit or vegetables to offer them. I do hope you can answer this for me, as I would love to give him a more varied diet in his later years. I feel horrible having given him such a protein-rich diet all these years, but at least he’s still alive and he’s got a great personality.
    Thank you,

    1. Hi Suzanne Bateman,
      I’ll write such article in the future. As for now, you can feed your Rainbow crab:
      Asparagus, Peas, Green beans, Pumpkin, Broccoli, Green pea, Pepper (only sweet), Basil, Leeks, Sprouts, Beet, Lettuce, Cabbage of all sorts,
      Carrots, Clover, Zucchini, Cucumber.
      Apple, Mango, Plum, Apricot, Melon, Raspberry, Strawberry, Banana, Nectarines, Papaya, Pears, Peach, Grapes, Physalis, Watermelon.
      Best regards,

  7. Hi, thankyou for all of the information. Do Rainbow crabs spend most of their time in their burrows like Halloween Moon crabs, or do you often see yours exploring and climbing and whatnot? I want a Halloween Moon crab but dont know how I would do waiting up to 3 weeks without seeing it, waiting for it to molt in its burrow! I heard Rainbow crabs only molt between 30 minutes to an hour…is this true?

    1. Hi Peyton,
      You are welcome 🙂
      Regarding your question.
      Of course, it also depends on their personality but, generally, Rainbow crabs are less timid.
      Molting also depends on the age of the crab. When they are young they molt very quickly. The bigger they get the more time it will take them.
      Best regards,

  8. Hello, thanks for this guide, I found it very useful. However, I’m not sure where to buy these crabs from as many websites I looked at do not have them. Could you please recommend a good place to buy these rainbow crabs from?

    Thanks so much,

    1. Hi Vivian,
      I would happily help you choose the right store, but none of the ones I know and trust are selling these crab right now. Sorry.
      Best regards,

  9. Hello to the crab world !! I just want to share this information as i find it fascinating. My old old Mr. Pinchy is over 13 yrs and I’ve had him for 12yrs and he’s such a grate pet to have. Everyone is super scared of him as he is huge but I touch him and sort of shake hands/legs with him lol. I keep him on real beach sand and change it twice a year returning old one to the beach and getting new one. He also has a smaller water tank in his big tank and loves spending time in it, also has sunshine on his tank everyday.
    Thank you to all for reading,

    1. Hi Thea Brincat,
      That’s just amazing! Your crab is probably the longest-living on earth. 13 years is an absolute record! Thank you for your feedback. Could you also share the setup of its habitat, the temperature and humidity you maintain, and what you feed it? This may help other hobbyists. Thank you.
      Best regards,

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